Categories for Sanctions

31,601. 12/11/2019

IRAN/MIKE POMPEO/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced Wednesday [12-11-19] that the United States plans to impose new sanctions on Iran’s largest shipping company and a major airline for what he said were their roles in transporting material for the country’s ballistic missile and nuclear programs…He added that the sanctions on the shipping company and a subsidiary would not take effect until June 8, to give exporters of humanitarian goods to Iran time to find other transportation companies with which to work. The sanctions on the airline and three of its general sales agents are effective immediately. The sanctions are intended to limit the activities of the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines; one of its subsidiaries, E-Sail Shipping, based in Shanghai; and Mahan Air.”

Edward Wong, “U.S. Turns Up Pressure on Iran With Sanctions on Transportation Firms,” The New York Times online, December 11, 2019

31,499. 12/10/2019

FOREIGN POLICY/HUMAN RIGHTS/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The Trump administration is imposing sanctions on at least 20 more people accused of human rights abuses, targeting government officials, businessmen and others in countries from Myanmar to Pakistan — but still avoiding penalizing some world leaders deemed critical partners. The new sanctions, announced Tuesday [12-10-19], are the latest in a cascade of such penalties unveiled in recent days by the Treasury and State Departments, and just another example of how much the Trump administration relies on sanctions as a tool of coercion in its foreign policy. The latest round may help counter narrative that Republican President Donald Trump and his aides do little to promote human rights. But it also could feed into the criticism that the Trump team is unusually selective in whom it penalizes — sticking primarily to people in countries it considers U.S. adversaries or of limited geostrategic importance.”

Nahal Toosi, “Trump unveils slew of sanctions over human rights abuses overseas,” Politico, December 10, 2019 11:35 am

31,057. 11/27/2019

CHINA/HONG KONG/LEGISLATION/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Trump on Wednesday [11-27-19] signed tough legislation that authorizes sanctions on Chinese and Hong Kong officials responsible for human rights abuses in Hong Kong, signaling support for pro-democracy activists and escalating tensions with Beijing as Mr. Trump tries to negotiate a trade deal with Chinese leaders. China’s Foreign Ministry was furious, saying the bill ‘seriously interfered with Hong Kong affairs, seriously interfered with China’s internal affairs, and seriously violated international law and basic norms of international relations.’ The ministry warned the United States against acting arbitrarily and said that any consequences would ‘be borne by the United States.’ Whether Mr. Trump would sign the legislation had been a subject of debate.”

Emily Cochrane, Edward Wong and Keith Bradsher, “Trump Signs Hong Kong Democracy Legislation, Angering China,” The New York Times online, November 27, 2019

30,023. 10/29/2019

HOUSE OF REPS/KURDS/MILITARY/SANCTIONS/SYRIA/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “The House voted overwhelmingly on Tuesday [10-29-19] to impose a series of sweeping sanctions on Turkey over its brutal assault on the Kurds in northern Syria, dealing its second bipartisan rebuke to President Trump this month for pulling back American forces to allow for the Turkish incursion. The measure drew broad support from Republicans, including the party’s leaders, underscoring how Mr. Trump’s decision to effectively surrender American influence in the region and abandon Kurdish fighters has provoked the most vocal and intense criticism of the president by his own party since he was elected. The vote was 403 to 16, with 15 Republicans and one Democrat, Representative Ilhan Omar of Minnesota, voting against the legislation. This month, two-thirds of House Republicans joined with Democrats to censure his withdrawal of troops from Syria in a 354 to 60 vote. It was, at the time, the most significant bipartisan repudiation of Mr. Trump since he took office.”

Catie Edmondson, “In Another Bipartisan Rebuke of Trump, House Votes for Sanctions Against Turkey,” The New York Times online, October 29, 2019

29,864. 10/25/2019

KURDS/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “Turkey fully understands not to fire on the Kurds as they leave what will be known as the Safe Zone for other fairly nearby areas. I don’t have to repeat that large scale Sanctions will be imposed for violations. Going well! ISIS secured by Kurds with Turkey ready as backup…..”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, October 25, 2019 7:32 am

29,782. 10/22/2019

CONGRESS/MILITARY/SANCTIONS/SYRIA/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “Congress vowed two weeks ago to impose sanctions on Turkey and rebuke President Donald Trump for withdrawing U.S. troops from Syria. But the Senate has struggled to make any substantial headway in condemning the Turkish government for its incursion into Syria and to convince the president to reverse course. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell introduced a resolution Tuesday [10-22-19] calling on Trump to end the U.S. withdrawal of troops after the House overwhelmingly passed a similar measure last week, and Senate Republicans grilled a State Department official over the move. But so far, senators have not coalesced around a clear legislative solution. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Jim Risch (R-Idaho) reiterated Tuesday that he, along Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), the ranking Democrat on the panel, is working on their own sanctions bill, and urged committee members to unite around a single solution.”

Marianne Levine, “Senate struggles with response after Trump’s Syria pullout,” Politico, October 22, 2019 7:27 pm

29,492. 10/14/2019

COMMERCE/SANCTIONS/SYRIA/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “President Donald Trump on Monday [10-14-19] signed an executive order imposing ‘powerful’ sanctions against Turkey for its incursion into northeast Syria. The White House announced that tariffs on steel imports from Turkey will double, reverting to 50 percent from 25 percent. Trump imposed a tariff hike on Turkey last year after the country held Andrew Brunson, an American pastor who was living in Turkey, on charges of espionage. The executive order also stated the Commerce Department would suspend negotiations on an unknown trade deal worth $100 billion. The White House and Commerce Department have declined to comment on the deal. Trump has come under fire from swaths of lawmakers, including fellow Republicans, for his decision to pull U.S. troops from the war-torn region. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said in a statement on Monday he is ‘gravely concerned’ about the U.S. response to Turkey’s attacks on Kurdish allies in Syria.”

Evan Semones, “Trump authorizes sanctions on Turkey over actions in Syria,” Politico, October 14, 2019 4:46 pm

29,468. 10/14/2019

EU/KURDS/SANCTIONS/TURKEY/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “….Kurds may be releasing some to get us involved. Easily recaptured by Turkey or European Nations from where many came, but they should move quickly. Big sanctions on Turkey coming! Do people really think we should go to war with NATO Member Turkey? Never ending wars will end!”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, October 14, 2019 6:14 am

29,446. 10/13/2019

CONGRESS/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “Dealing with @LindseyGrahamSC and many members of Congress, including Democrats, about imposing powerful Sanctions on Turkey. Treasury is ready to go, additional legislation may be sought. There is great consensus on this. Turkey has asked that it not be done. Stay tuned!”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, October 13, 2019 8:37 am

29,342. 10/10/2019

MILITARY/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TURKEY: “….We have one of three choices: Send in thousands of troops and win Militarily, hit Turkey very hard Financially and with Sanctions, or mediate a deal between Turkey and the Kurds!”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, October 10, 2019 3:07 pm

28,926. 9/30/2019

ELECTION/RUSSIA/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The United States issued new economic sanctions on Monday [9-30-19] against seven Russians linked to an internet troll factory in what Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called a warning to foreigners who seek to interfere in American elections. The penalties were announced as Congress is investigating whether President Trump tried to enlist Ukraine’s leader in a political smear campaign against one of his top Democratic challengers in 2020, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr…The Treasury Department said the sanctions sought to punish attempts to influence the 2018 midterm elections, in which Democrats won control of the House. Early last year, the Justice Department indicted 13 Russians and companies linked to the Internet Research Agency on charges of meddling in the 2016 presidential election.”

Lara Jakes, “With Sanctions on Russians, U.S. Warns Against Foreign Election Meddling,” The New York Times online, September 30, 2019

28,792. 9/27/2019

IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Iran wanted me to lift the sanctions imposed on them in order to meet. I said, of course, NO!”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, September 27, 2019 8:23 am

28,566. 9/20/2019

IRAN/OIL/SANCTIONS/SAUDI ARABIA/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Donald Trump on Friday [9-20-19] shared details of his administration’s newest sanctions on Iran, targeting the Islamic Republic’s national bank over Tehran’s alleged involvement in a series of drone attacks on Saudi oil facilities last weekend. Trump claimed they would be the ‘highest sanctions ever imposed on a country,’ telling reporters in the Oval Office that the penalties would go ‘right to the top’ of the Iranian government…The latest sanctions layer on top of a slew of other penalties the Trump administration has imposed and reimposed as a result of Trump’s unilateral withdrawal from a 2015 nuclear deal with Iran and other world powers. The existing sanctions have already targeted Iran’s oil exports, its metal and mining industries and its ability to receive financing from international banks. Tehran has repeatedly likened the sanctions to ‘economic warfare.’”

Caitlin Oprysko, “Trump announces ‘highest sanctions ever’ targeting Iran’s central bank,” Politico, September 20, 2019 1:28 pm

28,510. 9/18/2019

IRAN/SANCTIONS/TREASURY/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “I have just instructed the Secretary of the Treasury to substantially increase Sanctions on the country of Iran!”

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, September 18, 2019 7:53 am

27,854. 8/27/2019

FRANCE/IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Hassan Rouhani of Iran said on Tuesday [8-27-19] that he would not sit down for a meeting with President Trump until Washington had lifted all of its economic sanctions against Iran. His comment came a day after President Emmanuel Macron of France said he would try to arrange a meeting between Mr. Trump and Mr. Rouhani in the next few weeks to ease the strained relationship between the United States and Iran. That relationship has worsened since Mr. Trump abandoned the Iranian nuclear agreement last year and imposed crippling sanctions on Iran’s economy. Mr. Macron said at a news conference on Monday [8-26-19] at the conclusion of the Group of 7 meeting in France that he had spoken with his Iranian counterpart to determine whether a meeting was possible.”

Megan Specia, “Iran’s Rouhani Says No Talks With Trump Until Sanctions Are Lifted,” The New York Times online, August 27, 2019

27,215. 8/6/2019

SANCTIONS/SUMMIT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/VENEZUELA: “An international summit meeting on Tuesday [8-6-19] that was meant to break the political stalemate in Venezuela became a one-sided showcase for the United States’ toughest sanctions yet on President Nicolás Maduro’s authoritarian regime. During the conference of more than 50 countries in Lima, Peru, the Trump administration rejected compromises proposed by international mediators and some Latin American nations as it doubled down on its so-called maximum pressure policy to oust Mr. Maduro. Mr. Maduro’s government wasn’t invited, prompting his allies — Cuba, China, Russia and Turkey — to decline the invitation to the meeting…The escalating American sanctions come amid a stalemate between Mr. Maduro and the head of Venezuela’s opposition movement, Juan Guaidó. Both men claim to lead the troubled country. Mr. Trump’s support was essential to Mr. Guaidó’s international acceptance this year as Venezuela’s rightful leader.”

Anatoly Kurmanaev and Lara Jakes, “With Tougher U.S. Sanctions on Venezuela, Bolton Says ‘Now is the Time for Action’,” The New York Times online, August 6, 2019

27,144. 8/2/2019

INTELLIGENCE/RUSSIA/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Under pressure to confront Russia, President Donald Trump’s administration placed more sanctions on Vladimir Putin’s government over a nerve agent attack on a former Russian spy living in Britain. It’s the second round of sanctions over the 2018 attempt to kill former Russian military intelligence officer Sergei Skripal in the British town of Salisbury. Citing authority under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act, the new sanctions announced late Thursday prohibit a number of loans from American banks to Russia’s government, ‘except for loans or credits for the purpose of purchasing food or other agricultural commodities or products.’ Trump has said he wants better relations with Russia. Some lawmakers, however, believe he has been over indulgent with the country, especially in light of Russian efforts to interfere in the 2016 presidential election.”

David Jackson, “Donald Trump sanctions Russia over nerve agent attack on former spy in Britain,” USA Today, August 2, 2019 10:07 am

27,129. 8/2/2019

EU/IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/WAR: “George H.W. Bush led a coalition of some three dozen countries that kicked Saddam Hussein’s Iraq out of Kuwait in 1991. George W. Bush had his ‘coalition of the willing’ behind the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003. But so far, Donald Trump’s coalition to protect oil tankers from alleged Iranian aggression appears to have just one member — the United States. The British have demurred, the French are noncommittal and the Germans on Wednesday [7-31-19] flat out said no. They’re all still smarting from the president’s exit from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, which they say is partly responsible for Tehran’s suspected bellicose behavior. They’re also worried that aligning with the U.S. on such an initiative could drag them into a war with Iran. Those concerns have only risen this week after Trump imposed sanctions on Iran’s foreign minister.”

Nahal Toosi, “Trump’s coalition of one,” Politico, August 2, 2019 5:04 am

27,126. 8/1/2019

RUSSIA/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Donald Trump has signed an executive order imposing sanctions on Russia for its use of chemical weapons in the 2018 attack on the Russian double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter, according to two U.S. officials. The Trump administration imposed a round of sanctions last year, as required by a 1991 law. The same law requires the president to impose a second round of sanctions if he cannot determine that the state in question has stopped using chemical weapons — and U.S. intelligence agencies were unable to make that determination with regard to Russia, which continues to deny responsibility for the attack on the Skripals. But the president, who has been loath to antagonize Russian President Vladimir Putin, dragged his feet on imposing the second round of sanctions. En route to a rally in Cincinnati on Thursday [8-1-19], he continued to minimize the threat of Russian interference in U.S. elections.”

Eliana Johnson, “Trump to sanction Russia over chemical weapons use,” Politico, August 1, 2019 9:17 pm

27,090. 7/31/2019

IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The United States on Wednesday [7-31-19] imposed sanctions on Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif, an extraordinary move that could vastly complicate President Donald Trump’s stated desire to launch new negotiations with Iran. The sanctions are sure to further escalate tensions between Washington and Tehran — strains that have grown since Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Iran nuclear deal last year and which some fear could ultimately lead to a military conflict. In June, Trump imposed sanctions targeting Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Muslim cleric with final word on matters of state. The decision to target Zarif, the Iranian regime’s well-traveled chief diplomat, cuts off the man who has directly negotiated with the U.S. in recent years…The Zarif sanctions come as the Trump administration is expected to renew waivers on a handful of nuclear-related projects in Iran over the vociferous objections of hawks in the U.S. who say eliminating the waivers is necessary to further pressure the regime in Tehran.”

Nahal Toosi and Katy O’Donnell, “Trump sanctions Iran’s chief diplomat,” Politico, July 31, 2019 8:49 pm

27,070. 7/31/2019

CENTRAL AMERICA/IMMIGRATION/MEXICO/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Guatemala’s refugee agency meets only sporadically and operates on a bare-bones basis, adding to doubts about how the crime-wracked, impoverished Central American country will cope with a surge in asylum-seekers under a deal signed with Washington. Guatemala’s shortcomings raise doubts about U.S. migration deal signed with Washington.Under Friday’s [8-2-19] accord, Guatemala becomes a so-called ‘safe third country,’ turning it into a buffer zone for migrants trying to reach the United States, and potentially lifting applications for asylum in Guatemala from a few hundred a year to tens of thousands. U.S. President Donald Trump has pushed Mexico and Guatemala to sign such agreements to make asylum-seekers passing through their territory solicit safe haven in those countries, and not in the United States.”

Sophia Menchu, “Guatemala’s shortcomings raise doubts about U.S. migration deal,” Reuters, July 31, 2019 12:06 pm

27,059. 7/31/2019

IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The Trump administration took the unusual step on Wednesday [7-31-19] of placing sanctions on Iran’s foreign minister, essentially cutting off the clearest avenue for talks with Iran by punishing the man who negotiated the 2015 nuclear agreement. Senior administration officials described the foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif — an American-educated diplomat who is well connected throughout the United States — as the ‘propaganda arm’ of Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. In withdrawing last year from the nuclear accord, the administration argued that the move was intended to open negotiations. But with Mr. Zarif sidelined, it was unclear who else might serve as an experienced intermediary for Tehran in any potential talks. The administration has already imposed sanctions on the country’s remaining power centers, Ayatollah Khamenei and the elite military organization, the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps.”

David E. Sanger and Michael Crowley, “Trump Administration Imposes Sanctions on Iran’s Top Diplomat,” The New York Times online, July 31, 2019

26,741. 7/19/2019

FOREIGN POLICY/IRAN/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TRUMP PEOPLE: “President Donald Trump confirmed Friday [7-19-19] that Sen. Rand Paul is involved in diplomatic talks with Iran, referring to the country as ‘nothing but trouble.’ The Kentucky Republican has long been an opponent of U.S. intervention in Iran. POLITICO reported earlier this week that he had asked for Trump’s blessing to arrange a meeting with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in hopes of avoiding further conflict with the country. Trump had said he was unaware of plans to include Paul in talks with Iran. But he acknowledged the senator’s role Friday while responding to a question about the administration’s plan to calm tensions after Iran’s seizure of a British oil tanker in the Strait of Hormuz…This week, Zarif criticized U.S. foreign policies and told reporters during a visit to the United Nations headquarters in New York that the onus is on the United States to ease tensions with Iran. He said Iran would be open to more enhanced inspections of its nuclear program in exchange for the U.S. lifting sanctions on the country.”

Maya King, “Trump: Sen. Rand Paul to help with Iran negotiations,” Politico, July 19, 2019 4:36 pm

26,684. 7/18/2019

FOREIGN POLICY/IRAN/NUCLEAR/SANCTIONS/SENATE/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Iran’s foreign minister said on Thursday [7-18-19] that he was willing to meet with American senators to discuss possible ways out of the nuclear crisis with the Trump administration and, for the first time, floated an opening bid of modest steps that Tehran would be willing to take in return for simultaneous lifting of sanctions President Trump reimposed last year. The American-educated foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, would not say whether he was planning to meet Senator Rand Paul, Republican of Kentucky, who has proposed himself as a quiet emissary to Iran from the Trump administration. Mr. Zarif, meeting with a group of about 15 reporters at the Iranian mission to the United Nations, one of only three buildings where he is allowed to be while in the United States, was coy about whether he planned to meet with Mr. Paul but said, ‘I am seeing people from Congress.’”

-David E. Sanger, “Iran’s Foreign Minister Proposes Modest Deal to End Impasse With U.S.,” The New York Times online, July 18, 2019

26,415. 7/10/2019

IRAN/OBAMA/SANCTIONS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Iran has long been secretly ‘enriching,’ in total violation of the terrible 150 Billion Dollar deal made by John Kerry and the Obama Administration. Remember, that deal was to expire in a short number of years. Sanctions will soon be increased, substantially!” 

Donald Trump, Twitter.com, July 10, 2019 9:14 am