Categories for Census

26,657. 7/17/2019

ATTORNEY GENERAL/CENSUS/DEMS/HOUSE OF REPS/TRUMP PEOPLE: “The House voted Wednesday [7-17-19] evening to hold Attorney General William P. Barr and Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross in criminal contempt of Congress for their refusal to turn over key documents related to the Trump administration’s attempt to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census. The citations for two cabinet officials, approved 230 to 198, will breathe new life into a dispute that has touched all three branches of government over why Trump administration officials pushed to ask census respondents if they were American citizens and what that question’s effect would be. Democrats investigating the issue believe that the documents and testimony being shielded would confirm that the administration’s long-stated rationale for collecting the data — to better enforce the Voting Rights Act — was merely a cover for a politically motivated attempt to eliminate noncitizens from population statistics used to allocate political representation, diminishing Democratic power. The Supreme Court hinted at that theory last month in a ruling about the citizenship question, when it rejected the administration’s stated reason for adding it as ‘contrived.’”

Nicholas Fandos, “House Holds Barr and Ross in Contempt Over Census Dispute,” The New York Times online, July 17, 2019

26,456. 7/11/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Donald Trump already suffered one stinging defeat when the Supreme Court invalidated his effort to add a ‘citizenship question’ to the 2020 census. Now he’s decided to try again, threatening to issue an executive order commanding the Census Bureau to add the question to its survey, and ordering the Justice Department to defend his action in ongoing legal proceedings. If Trump moves ahead, he will be threatening a centuries-old consensus that puts Congress in charge of the census. This legal foundation has been tested and reaffirmed repeatedly throughout American history—the last time when another Republican Party threatened by immigration considered modifying the census process to fit its political ends. Article One of the Constitution explicitly put the census in the hands of Congress, not the president. It provides that the first census ‘shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as [the House and Senate] shall by law direct.’ The Constitution also explicitly granted Congress the final say when it came to reapportioning each state’s delegation to the House and Electoral College based on the census count.”

Bruce Ackerman, “Why Trump’s Census Play Is Blatantly Unconstitutional,” Politico, July 11, 2019

26,419. 7/10/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “In the wake of the Supreme Court’s 5-4 ruling last month rejecting the Trump administration’s reason for adding a citizenship question to the census as merely a pretext and ‘contrived,”’ President Trump is contemplating the unthinkable: issuing an executive order instructing the Census Bureau to move forward with printing the forms including the citizenship question that the Supreme Court rejected. Earlier this week, US Attorney General William Barr insisted that ‘the president is right on the legal grounds’ and ‘the Supreme Court decision was wrong.’ But two weeks after the Court’s ruling, neither Barr nor anyone else has come up with a valid reason for adding the citizenship question to the 2020 Census, as the Supreme Court’s ruling requires. Quite plainly, no such reason exists. Ominous signs point to an upcoming decision that pushes the envelope. In a dramatic departure from Justice Department protocol, the Trump administration wants to replace the legal team that has defended the citizenship question with a new set of lawyers apparently chosen to go along with whatever the President has in mind. “

David H. Gans, “Will Trump administration defy the Supreme Court?,” CNN Politics,, July 10, 2019 11:02 am

26,413. 7/10/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Despite an embarrassing loss before the Supreme Court two weeks ago, the Trump administration has decided to press its case to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census. Attorney General William Barr promises to reveal a ‘pathway’ forward this week, although what the administration’s new argument might be is unclear. Yet the administration has backed itself into a corner, effectively foreclosing a legal path forward. If Trump wants that question on the census, that “pathway” might not end up running through the courts, but around them. Anyone who followed the long saga of Trump’s travel ban—which courts initially blocked before the Supreme Court upheld a revised version—knows courts are very deferential to the federal government’s stated purpose for policy changes. But they’re also willing to say ‘stop’ if the government turns out to be lying about its motives.”

Renato Mariotti, “Trump’s Path Forward on Census Question Could be Headed to Constitutional Crisis,” Politico, July 10, 2019 

26,398. 7/9/2019

CENSUS/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/OBAMA/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “So now the Obama appointed judge on the Census case (Are you a Citizen of the United States?) won’t let the Justice Department use the lawyers that it wants to use. Could this be a first?”

Donald Trump,, July 9, 2019 8:44 pm

26,385. 7/9/2019

CENSUS/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Recent ‘strained’ decisions by the United States Supreme Court, some so simple as allowing the question, ‘Are you a citizen of the United States’ on our very expensive Census Report, or the even more strained decisions (2) allowing the world’s most expensive & pathetic……”

Donald Trump,, July 9, 2019 9:31 am

26,372. 7/9/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “‘I agree with the President, the Supreme Court got it wrong. There should be a question about Citizenship on the Census. A.G. Barr sees a pathway to add the Citizenship Question.’ Steve Doocy @foxandfriends Working hard on something that should be so easy. People are fed up!”

Donald Trump,, July 9, 2019 7:02 am

26,367. 7/8/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Donald Trump’s fight to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census is one he seems likely to lose. Eleven days after an unfavorable Supreme Court ruling, a new team of Justice Department attorneys must persuade three district court judges that a June 30 printing deadline a previous DOJ legal team insisted had to be met no longer applies — even though, the Commerce Department said last week, the questionnaires are being printed already. To pass muster with the Supreme Court, the new DOJ team must find a rationale that the high court will rule consistent with regulatory law and also believable — a tough assignment given that the court said in its ruling that the previous rationale was not…But that effort has been undermined repeatedly by Trump, who last week appeared to concede that his purpose was political. ‘Number one, you need it for Congress, you need it for Congress, for districting,’ he said last week. ‘You need it for appropriations — where are the funds going? How many people are there? Are they citizens or are they not citizens?’ (Districting and appropriations decisions are in fact based on the census’s raw population numbers, not on any citizen count.)”

Ted Hesson and Josh Gerstein, “Why Trump will likely lose the census citizenship fight,” Politico, July 8, 2019 6:50 pm

26,350. 7/8/2019

ATTORNEY GENERAL/CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Trump and Attorney General William P. Barr began working to find a way to place a citizenship question on the 2020 census just after the Supreme Court blocked its inclusion last month, Mr. Barr said on Monday, adding that he believes that the administration can find a legal path to incorporating the question…But he also acknowledged that the career Justice Department lawyers who had worked on the census question had little appetite to continue on the case after Mr. Trump inserted himself into the process. ‘We’re going to reach a new decision, and I can understand if they’re interested in not participating in this phase,’ Mr. Barr said. The Justice Department announced a day earlier that it was replacing them, a nearly unheard-of move. In a court filing on Monday in New York, though, plaintiffs in the case asked a judge to block the lawyers’ withdrawal because they did not demonstrate ‘satisfactory reasons’ for the change.”

Katie Benner, “Barr Says Legal Path to Census Citizenship Question Exists, but He Gives No Details,” The New York Times online, July 8, 2019

26,311. 7/5/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/COURTS/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT/TRUMP PEOPLE: “The Trump administration confirmed Friday [7-5-19] that it will press forward with efforts to add a citizenship question to next year’s census, with President Donald Trump saying he’s exploring the possibility of reviving the question via executive order and government lawyers telling a federal judge that they’ve “been asked to reevaluate all available options’…The Trump administration’s plans to add such a question to the decennial census were dealt a surprise blow last week by the Supreme Court, which ruled that the Trump administration’s ‘explanation for agency action’ was ‘incongruent with what the record reveals about the agency’s priorities and decison making process’ and ordered government lawyers to present a more truthful explanation to a lower court. Chief Justice John Roberts, siding with the court’s four liberals, wrote the majority opinion. In a court filing Friday, lawyers for the Justice Department confirmed that both DOJ and the Commerce Department were still weighing ‘whether the Supreme Court’s decision would allow for a new decision to include the citizenship question.’”

Caitlin Oprysko and Josh Gerstein, “DOJ says it will continue to explore path for citizenship question as Trump considers executive order,” Politico, July 5, 2019 4:06 pm

26,300. 7/5/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Justice Department lawyers told a federal judge on Friday [7-5-19] that they would press ahead in their efforts to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census, but indicated they did not know yet what kind of rationale they would put forward. Just hours before, President Trump told reporters on the South Lawn of the White House that he was considering four or five options, including an executive order, to restore the question…The maneuvering capped a chaotic week in which administration officials first promised to abide by a Supreme Court order that effectively blocked the question from next year’s head count, then reversed themselves after Mr. Trump denounced their statements on Twitter as “fake” and pledged to restore the question to census forms…Justice Department lawyers had until Friday afternoon to tell United States District Judge George J. Hazel how they would proceed — whether they would come up with a rationale to add the question or abandon the quest altogether.”

Michael Wines and Adam Liptak, “Trump Considering an Executive Order to Allow Citizenship Question on Census,” The new York Times online, July 5, 2019

26,252. 7/4/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “So important for our Country that the very simple and basic ‘Are you a Citizen of the United States?’ question be allowed to be asked in the 2020 Census. Department of Commerce and the Department of Justice are working very hard on this, even on the 4th of July!” 

Donald Trump,, July 4, 2019 6:20 am

26,237. 7/3/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/JUSTICE DEPARTMENT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “A day after pledging that the 2020 census would not ask respondents about their citizenship, Justice Department officials reversed course on Wednesday [7-3-19] and said they were hunting for a way to restore the question on orders from President Trump. The contentious issue of whether next year’s all-important head count would include a citizenship question appeared to be settled — until the president began vowing on Twitter on Wednesday that the administration was ‘absolutely moving forward’ with plans, despite logistical and legal barriers. Mr. Trump’s comments prompted a chaotic chain of events, with senior census planners closeted in emergency meetings and Justice Department representatives summoned to a phone conference with a federal judge in Maryland. On Wednesday afternoon, Justice Department officials told the judge that their plan had changed in the span of 24 hours: They now believed there could be ‘a legally available path’ to restore the question to the census, and they planned to ask the Supreme Court to help speed the resolution of lawsuits that are blocking their way.”

Michael Wines, Maggie Haberman and Alan Rappeport, “Justice Dept. Reverses Course on Citizenship Question on Census, Citing Trump’s Orders,” The New York Times online, July 3, 2019

26,232. 7/3/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/COMMERCE/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The News Reports about the Department of Commerce dropping its quest to put the Citizenship Question on the Census is incorrect or, to state it differently, FAKE! We are absolutely moving forward, as we must, because of the importance of the answer to this question.”

Donald Trump,, July 3, 2019 10:06 am

26,223. 7/2/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “A very sad time for America when the Supreme Court of the United States won’t allow a question of ‘Is this person a Citizen of the United States?’ to be asked on the #2020 Census! Going on for a long time. I have asked the Department of Commerce and the Department of Justice….” 

Donald Trump,, July 2, 2019 9:33 pm

26,222. 7/2/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “….to do whatever is necessary to bring this most vital of questions, and this very important case, to a successful conclusion. USA! USA! USA!”

Donald Trump,, July 2, 2019 9:33 pm

26,221. 7/2/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/COURTS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The Trump administration said Tuesday [7-2-19] that it will not ask about citizenship status on the 2020 census, backing off a contentious effort to reinstate the question over objections from opponents who successfully argued to the Supreme Court that it would disenfranchise minority groups. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, who originally directed the Census Bureau to add the question, said in a statement that he was moving ahead with printing the 2020 census despite his disagreement with the court’s ruling last week…The order to print came suddenly, surprising attorneys who had challenged the Trump administration. As recently as Monday [7-1-19], President Donald Trump had said his administration was looking for ways to delay the once-a-decade tally so that the question could be included…The government had initially said that Monday was the deadline to begin printing forms. As late as Monday afternoon, however, the administration asked a federal judge in Maryland for more time to decide how it would proceed following the Supreme Court decision.”

Ariane de Vogue and Gregory Wallace, “Trump administration won’t ask about citizenship on census,” CNN Politics,, July 2, 2019 9:19 pm

26,203. 7/2/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The Trump administration, in a dramatic about-face, abandoned its quest on Tuesday [7-2-19] to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census, a week after being blocked by the Supreme Court. Faced with mounting deadlines and a protracted legal fight, officials ordered the Census Bureau to start printing forms for next year’s head count without the question. The decision was a victory for critics who said the question was part of an administration effort to skew the census results in favor of Republicans. It was also a remarkable retreat for an administration that typically digs into such fights. Just last week after the Supreme Court’s decision, President Trump said he was asking his lawyers to delay the census, ‘no matter how long,’ in order to fight for the question in court. He reiterated his unwillingness to give up in a Twitter message posted late Tuesday [7-2-19], saying he had asked administration officials ‘to do whatever is necessary’ to get a citizenship question on the census form.”

Michael Wines, “2020 Census Won’t Have Citizenship Question as Trump Administration Drops Effort,” The New York Times online, July 2, 2019

26,186. 7/1/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/IMMIGRATION/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “President Donald Trump said Monday [7-1-19] his administration was still looking into delaying the 2020 census over disputes about the legality of a citizenship question. Speaking with reporters in the Oval Office, the president reiterated his incredulity that asking about citizenship is not part of the census. ‘I think it is very important to find out if somebody is a citizen as opposed to an illegal,’ Trump said. ‘It is a big difference to me between being a citizen of the United States and being an illegal.’ Trump has insisted on asking about citizenship to the consternation of critics and constitutional experts who say that adding such a question would lead to decreased responses and inaccurate counts. The Constitution mandates regular censuses that count all residents of the country — not only citizens — in order to determine their representation in Congress. An inaccurate count could lead to disproportionate representation in the House and alter district lines. The president’s critics have also argued that adding such a question would lead to a chilling effect among immigrants who might fear increased government attention to their citizenship status.”

Matthew Choi, “Trump wants census to find out who is ‘an illegal’,” Politico, July 1, 2019 7:16 pm

26,109. 6/27/2019

CALIFORNIA/CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “California officials claimed a legal victory Thursday [6-27-19] after the U.S. Supreme Court blocked the Trump administration’s attempt to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census, a query that Gov. Gavin Newsom and others fear would undercount residents, endanger federal aid and cost crucial seats in Congress. He joined Newsom, Secretary of State Alex Padilla, Speaker Anthony Rendon and state Sen. Tom Umberg (D-Santa Ana) — all clearly relieved by the decision — in emphasizing what they said would be California’s historic $187 million effort to ensure that every resident is counted in the 2020 census while also cautioning that the state’s fight for an accurate census count is far from over. The court’s 5-4 decision was viewed as a major defeat for the Trump Administration — and a victory for immigrants’ rights groups and for California — especially because Chief Justice John Roberts surprisingly aligned with the court’s four left-leaning justices.”

Carla Marinucci, “California pols bask in Trump’s Supreme Court setback over census citizenship question,” Politico, June 27, 2019 1:46 pm

26,106. 6/27/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “Seems totally ridiculous that our government, and indeed Country, cannot ask a basic question of Citizenship in a very expensive, detailed and important Census, in this case for 2020. I have asked the lawyers if they can delay the Census, no matter how long, until the…..” 

Donald Trump,, June 27, 2019 12:37 pm

26,103. 6/27/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “What happened in the census case? That’s the question that Americans—even legal experts—confronted with the puzzling, blockbuster Supreme Court decision on Thursday [6-27-19] in Department of Commerce v. New York. The short answer is that the Trump administration’s efforts to include a question about citizenship on the 2020 census are at least temporarily stymied. Whether the administration can ultimately rebound and get the question on the census remains unclear. But Thursday’s decision also has broader implications for the Supreme Court’s entire relationship to the Trump administration. One of the administration’s distinctive characteristics is its approach to truth and lying. All administrations sometimes hide, shade or slant the truth—and occasionally lie outright. The present administration is different in that it lies regularly, blatantly, heedlessly. In the census case, the Supreme Court, for the first time, called the administration on this behavior—ever so politely and by the slimmest of margins.”

Richard Primus, “John Roberts Just Called Out the Trump Administration for Lying,” Politico, June 27, 2019

26,093. 6/27/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The Supreme Court on Thursday [6-27-19] dealt an unexpected blow to the Trump administration’s move to add a citizenship question to the 2020 Census, ruling that official explanations for the move were implausible and legally inadequate. In a surprising decision, Chief Justice John Roberts joined the court’s liberals on that point. The high court returned the case to lower courts for further action, raising doubts about the administration getting the go-ahead to add the question before upcoming deadlines to finalize the census questionnaire. Several lower courts previously found that the administration violated federal regulatory law when it added the question. The administration argued that citizenship data will assist with anti-discrimination provisions in enforcement of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. However, critics contend that immigrant households could skip the census over fears the information could be used to scrutinize their legal status. Roberts wrote in the majority opinion that the administration’s rationale appeared to be ‘contrived’ and suggested that Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross presented a misleading rationale for adding the question when he said it had been requested by Justice Department officials to protect the rights of minority voters.”

Ted Hesson and Josh Gerstein, “SCOTUS deals setback to Trump administration attempt to add Census citizenship question,” Politico, June 27, 2019 1:35 am

25,872. 6/19/2019

CENSUS/CITIZENSHIP/COURTS/DEMS/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “In a blow to the Trump administration, a federal trial judge said Wednesday [6-19-19] that he believes new evidence presented in a challenge to the 2020 census citizenship question ‘raises a substantial issue.’ The decision could lead to reopening one of three federal trials into the citizenship question and lead to further examinations of Republican redistricting consultant Thomas Hofeller’s role in developing the question. Earlier this month, the ACLU and a team of lawyers at Arnold & Porter said that they had obtained a trove of documents from Hofeller, a deceased Republican redistricting expert who, they allege, played a significant role in the decision to add the question. Hofeller wrote a study in 2015 concluding that using ‘citizen voting age’ population as the redistricting population base would be ‘advantageous to Republicans and Non-Hispanic Whites.’ The administration has always denied political motivation, saying instead that the Justice Department had determined that the question was necessary to better comply with federal voting rights law.”

Gregory Wallace, “Judge in census case: New evidence alleging political motivation behind citizenship question ‘raises a substantial issue’,” CNN Politics,, June 19, 2019 6:01 pm

25,650. 6/12/2019

CENSUS/LEGAL/SUPREME COURT/TRUMP AS PRESIDENT: “The American Civil Liberties Union late Wednesday night asked the Supreme Court to wait until the fall to decide if it wants to allow the Trump administration to add a question about citizenship to the 2020 census. In a motion sent to the court, the group suggested that the justices send the case to a lower court to consider newly discovered evidence suggesting the question was added for political purposes. A Census Bureau official testified during trial that the questionnaire could be printed as late as October 31, meaning there would be time to review the new evidence on an expedited basis, said Dale Ho, the director of the ACLU’s Voting Rights Project…The eleventh-hour filing came the same day as the House Oversight Committee voted to hold Attorney General William Barr and Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross in contempt for not complying with subpoenas for documents on the citizenship question and the White House asserted executive privilege for those materials.

Ariane de Vogue, “ACLU asks Supreme Court to consider delaying census citizenship question ruling until fall,” CNN Politics,, June 12, 2019 8:40 pm